The China-Laos Railway, a landmark project connecting Kunming in southwest China's Yunnan province with the Laotian capital, Vientiane, begins operations on Dec 3. The 1,035-kilometer-long railway is a docking project between the China-proposed Belt and Road Initiative and Laos' strategy to convert itself from a landlocked country to a land-linked hub.
high-quality Belt and Road cooperation
partnership for connectivity
China's State Council Information Office on Dec 4 released a white paper titled "China: Democracy That Works," which expounded on the values, history, institutional frameworks, practices, and achievements of China's democracy.
whole-process people's democracy
people run their own country
the principle of developing religions in the Chinese context
President Xi Jinping has stressed upholding the principle of developing religions in the Chinese context, and providing active guidance for the adaptation of religions to socialist society. Xi, also general secretary of the Communist Party of China (CPC) Central Committee and chairman of the Central Military Commission, made the remarks while addressing a national conference on work related to religious affairs, held from Dec 3 to 4 in Beijing. Xi highlighted fully implementing the Party's theory on religious affairs in the new era, the basic policy on religious affairs, and the policy on the freedom of religious belief.
religious theory of socialism with Chinese characteristics
management of religious work under the rule of law
the system of socialist rule of law with Chinese characteristics
Xi Jinping, general secretary of the Communist Party of China (CPC) Central Committee, has stressed resolute adherence to the path of socialist rule of law with Chinese characteristics, and advancing the development of such a system. Xi made the remarks while speaking at a group study session of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee on Dec 6.
the building of a law-based government
improve public awareness of laws
rural living environment upgrade
China has released a five-year action plan on improving rural living environment. Rural living environment upgrade is closely related to the well-being of farmers and the construction of a beautiful China, according to the plan jointly issued by the General Office of the Communist Party of China Central Committee and the General Office of the State Council.
rural vitalization strategy
the 20th anniversary of China's accession to the WTO
This year marks the 20th anniversary of China's accession to the World Trade Organization (WTO). During the past 20 years, China has grown from the world's sixth-largest economy to the second largest. Meanwhile, its trade in goods has grown from the sixth to the largest in the world and trade in services from the 11th to the second. China has led developing countries in utilized foreign investment, and its outbound direct investment (ODI) has risen from the 26th to the first.
multilateral trading regime with the WTO at its core
open world economy
the National Memorial Day for Nanjing Massacre Victims
December 13 marks the 84th anniversary of the Nanjing Massacre and the eighth National Memorial Day for Nanjing Massacre Victims. National flag flied at half mast and sirens were heard across the city of Nanjing at 10 am as China held a memorial ceremony to mourn the 300,000 victims of the Nanjing Massacre.
the War of Resistance Against Japanese Aggressions
atrocities against humanity
prioritize stability while pursuing progress
Economic work next year should prioritize stability while pursuing progress, the Central Economic Work Conference noted, calling on all regions and departments to assume responsibility for stabilizing the macroeconomy, and all sides to take the initiative and launch policies conducive to economic stability.
coordinate epidemic control with economic and social development
cross-cycle policy adjustment
President Xi Jinping on Dec 14 called on Chinese artists and writers to boost their awareness of and confidence in Chinese culture, create new prospects for Chinese literature and art, and add new luster to Chinese culture. Xi, also general secretary of the Communist Party of China (CPC) Central Committee and chairman of the Central Military Commission, made the remarks at the opening ceremony of the 11th National Congress of China Federation of Literary and Art Circles and the 10th National Congress of China Writers Association at the Great Hall of the People in Beijing.
policy of "letting a hundred flowers bloom and a hundred schools of thought contend"
the prosperity of socialist literature and art
a model for international relations in the 21st century
Chinese President Xi Jinping and Russian President Vladimir Putin held a video meeting on Dec 15, as they praised "model" China-Russia relations in the 21st century and pledged to cooperate more on safeguarding the two countries' core interests and upholding international fairness and justice. The two leaders also agreed to have an in-person meeting in February in Beijing.
China-Russia comprehensive strategic partnership of coordination for a new era
China-Russia Treaty of Good-Neighborliness and Friendly Cooperation
nationwide voluntary tree-planting campaign
Volunteers in China have planted 78.1 billion trees since the onset of the country's voluntary tree-planting campaign 40 years ago, data from the National Greening Commission showed.
carbon peaking and carbon neutrality goals
a unified national market
President Xi Jinping urged efforts to build a unified national market at a faster pace and enhance government oversight efficacy on Dec 17. Xi, who is also general secretary of the Communist Party of China (CPC) Central Committee and chairman of the Central Military Commission, also stressed furthering the construction of world-class universities and first-class disciplines. He made the remarks while chairing the 23rd meeting of the Central Committee for Deepening Overall Reform. He is the director of the committee.
socialist market economy
the transformation of government functions
coordinated regional development strategies
Hong Kong: Democratic Progress Under the Framework of One Country, Two Systems
China's State Council Information Office on December 20 issued a white paper titled "Hong Kong: Democratic Progress Under the Framework of One Country, Two Systems." The white paper presented a comprehensive review of the origin and development of democracy in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (HKSAR), and the principles and position of the central government.
patriots governing Hong Kong
the policy of "one country, two systems" under which the people of Hong Kong govern Hong Kong with a high degree of autonomy
the 40th anniversary of the establishment of the Xiamen SEZ
President Xi Jinping has sent a congratulatory letter on the 40th anniversary of the establishment of the Xiamen Special Economic Zone (SEZ) in east China's Fujian province. The letter by Xi, also general secretary of the Communist Party of China (CPC) Central Committee and chairman of the Central Military Commission, was read out on Dec 21 at a gathering marking the anniversary in Xiamen. Xi commended the SEZ for breaking new ground and conducting innovative practices and making historic strides in various respects over the past 40 years, adding that the SEZ has made important contributions to the country's reform, opening-up, and socialist modernization, and played a unique role in promoting national reunification.
integrated development across the Taiwan Straits
opening-up on all fronts
national greenhouse gas observation network
China's meteorological authority said that the country has basically established its first greenhouse gas observation network after nearly 40 years of construction. The announcement came after the China Meteorological Administration released its first national greenhouse gas observation network directory.
carbon peaking and carbon neutrality goals
the nutrition improvement program for rural students in compulsory education
This year marks the 10th anniversary of China's nutrition improvement program for rural students in compulsory education. According to statistics from the China Development Research Foundation, by the end of 2020, 1,732 counties from 28 provinces have participated in the program, covering approximately 131,600 schools and 37.98 million students.
shore up weak links regarding people's livelihoods
action plan for child health improvement
the supply of primary products
President Xi Jinping, who is also general secretary of the Communist Party of China (CPC) Central Committee and chairman of the Central Military Commission, presided over a meeting of the Standing Committee of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee on issues related to agriculture, rural areas and farmers, and delivered an important speech. Xi emphasized that ensuring the supply of primary products is a major strategic issue and the Chinese people must have firm control over their own food supply.
problems related to seeds and farmlands
national strategies for food security
law on wetlands protection
Chinese lawmakers on Dec 24 voted to pass a new law on wetlands protection at the 32nd session of the Standing Committee of the 13th National People's Congress, establishing the country's first specialized law on the issue. The law will take effect on June 1, 2022.
Governments at all levels should raise public awareness of protecting wetlands through various campaigns, such as setting up "wetland protection day" or "wetland protection week," according to the law.
ecological conservation red lines
negative lists for foreign investment
The National Development and Reform Commission and the Ministry of Commerce on December 27 unveiled the Special Administrative Measures on Access to Foreign Investment (2021 Edition) and the Free Trade Zone Special Administrative Measures on Access to Foreign Investment (2021 Edition), both of which will take effect on January 1, 2022. This marks the fifth consecutive year that China has shortened its national negative list and pilot free trade zone (FTZ) negative list.
open economic architecture
trade and investment liberalization and facilitation
development plan on smart-manufacturing
China will build more than 500 industry-leading smart-manufacturing demonstration plants by 2025, according to a development plan on smart manufacturing issued by the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology and other departments on Dec 28.
core competitiveness of manufacturing industry
China issued its first white paper on export controls on Dec 29. The document, titled "China's Export Controls" and released by the State Council Information Office, elaborated on China's position, institutions, and practices in improving export control governance, as well as its commitments and actions to safeguard world peace and development, and security at national and international level.
a holistic approach to national security
adopt a common, comprehensive, cooperative and sustainable outlook on global security
灭活疫苗 inactivated vaccine
中非友好合作 China-Africa friendship and cooperation
中非全面战略合作伙伴关系 China-Africa comprehensive strategic and cooperative partnership
新时代中非命运共同体 a China-Africa community with a shared future in the new era
基于大数据的产品和服务 big data-powered products and services
快速发展 on a fast track
复合年增长率 compound annual growth rate
市场定价机制 market-oriented pricing mechanism
生态文明 ecological civilization
非物质文化遗产保护 protection of intangible cultural heritage
文化多样性 cultural diversity
国家级非物质文化遗产继承人 inheritor of national intangible cultural heritage
文化资源整合 integration of cultural resources
高质量共建“一带一路” high-quality Belt and Road cooperation
互联互通伙伴关系 partnership for connectivity
中老铁路 China-Laos Railway
大数据产业链 industrial chain of big data
人工智能 artificial intelligence
国家大数据战略 the national big data strategy
大数据产业 big data industry
载人空间站 manned space station
载人航天工程 manned space program
空间实验室 space lab
交会对接 rendezvous and docking
货运飞船 cargo spacecraft
航天功勋奖章 Space Service Medal
英雄航天员 Heroic Astronaut
近地轨道 low-Earth orbit
闭环管理 closed-loop management
高水平开放 high-standard opening-up
以世界贸易组织为核心的多边贸易体制 multilateral trading regime with the WTO at its core
开放型世界经济 open world economy
高质量教育体系 high-quality education system
现代职业教育体系 modern vocational education system
优师计划 targeted teacher training plan
城乡义务教育一体化发展 coordinated development of compulsory education in urban and rural areas
抗日战争 the War of Resistance Against Japanese Aggression
反人类的暴行 atrocities against humanity
南京大屠杀死难者国家公祭日 the National Memorial Day for Nanjing Massacre Victims
中俄新时代全面战略协作伙伴关系 China-Russia comprehensive strategic partnership of coordination for a new era
《中俄睦邻友好合作条约》 China-Russia Treaty of Good-Neighborliness and Friendly Cooperation
21世纪国家间协作的典范 a model for international relations in the 21st century
医联体建设 establish medical treatment partnerships to promote effective cooperation and coordination between different types of medical institutions
医保支付方式 models of health insurance payment
本土病例 locally transmitted cases
无症状感染者 asymptomatic cases
健康码互认 mutual recognition of health code
性别平等 gender equality
女性权益 women's rights
妇女赋权 women's empowerment
性别收入差距 gender pay gap
性别刻板印象 gender stereotype
中国金鸡百花电影节 China Golden Rooster and Hundred Flowers Film Festival
最佳故事片提名 nominees for best film
最佳国际影片 best international film
20个奖项 20 awards
谍战惊悚片 spy thriller
外国电影首次参加中国电影大奖角逐 Foreign films joined the race for China's top film awards for the first time
开放型经济格局 open economic architecture
贸易和投资自由化便利化 trade and investment liberalization and facilitation
外资准入负面清单 negative lists for foreign investment